The Ketogenic diet also called the “low carbohydrate high-fat diet” is the most effective and trending weight loss diet. Ketosis is a biochemical process that occurs in human body wherein fats are used up for fuel production instead of blood glucose, and this occurs only in the absence of carbohydrates. Thus when blood insulin is low, our body switches over to a process of ketosis.
This is witnessed by an activity of adipocytes releasing fatty acids to be utilized as fuel which gets converted to Ketones. The main reason for adopting Ketogenic diet is for weight loss, as shown by several studies, which support the concept of low-carb diet being more effective than low-fat diet for weight loss.
Our body requires energy which is supplied by adequate amounts of macronutrients like carbohydrates, proteins, and fats to carry out the physiological processes.Thus their intake has to be adequate as per the recommended dietary allowance, and this leads to weight loss. Consumption of fats gives a feeling of fullness and they are considered as space filling agents in high protein diet. The carbohydrates which are the sugar bomb are to be best avoided in this form of diet.
Eat wise, drop a size is the best way Ketogenic diet is described. There are several types of Ketogenic diets available. It differs according to the different Ketogenic food list as well as the individual who is going through the Ketosis process . If its for a woman , then one must adopt to the female Keto diet plan or if it is for a body builder then he must choose Keto bodybuilding diet plan . Of these, the one that suits daily lifestyle, sustainable, and effective in weight loss is standard Ketogenic diet.
There are lots of benefits with the Ketogenic diet. The mechanism of action of the Ketogenic diet is by reducing hunger, thus avoiding intake of food with empty calories.
The ideal way to start a ketogenic diet is to include one protein, two vegetables, and one fat in a meal. The average built man should include 15-20% protein, 70-75% fat, and 5-10 % carbohydrate of the total calorie intake.
The general guidelines for weight loss for beginners
- Eat till hunger subsidies and don’t over eat.
- It must be made a habit to eat 1 to 2 cups of green salads and 1 cup of fibrous vegetables each day.
- Intake of saturated animal fats is emphasized instead of vegetable oil, thus the intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids is reduced.
Here are the items or food to be included in your Ketogenic diet menu list .
Healthy fats: The major source of calories in a ketogenic diet is from the natural fats such as meat, avocado, egg, butter and olive oil. These are saturated fats and are allowed on the Keto diet. These fats in the Ketogenic diet are nutrient-rich, so they fill up and hence need not eat too much. The meat should be obtained from grass-fed, antibiotic free animal.
Protein: This is the second most consumed calorie portion in the Ketogenic diet. Most of the fat rich foods contain protein too. So, it should be kept in mind that protein intake should not be more than fat intake. This is to avoid proteins being used instead of fat as a source of fuel which is the basis of the Ketogenic The protein rich diet includes egg, nuts, nut butter without sugar, full-fat dairy products
Vegetables: The best vegetables to eat in Keto diet are those that are low in carbohydrates and calories. Those vegetables that are grown in the ground are to be avoided. The organic ones are to be selected. The ideal vegetables to be included in the diet are green leafy vegetables, tomatoes, cucumbers, cabbage, and cauliflower. Root vegetables such as onions, mushrooms, and garlic are to be avoided.
Fruits: Fruits are rich in sugar and calories. So it’s better to avoid fruits in the Keto diet. The exception to this is avocado. While choosing fruits it should be noted to choose the fruits low in calories and high in antioxidants like berries. Fruit juices are to be avoided. Dry fruits are to be avoided as they contain preservatives to extend their shelf-life. If fruits are to be consumed, the whole fruit has to be consumed as it is fiber rich and thus helps in digestion and aids in maintaining the blood sugar balance. The fruits to be included are berries, watermelon, oranges, and lemon.
Snacks: The concept of a Keto diet is to have a high-fat diet and in turn give a feeling of fullness. If snacks are to be consumed, high-fat snacks should be included in the diet but in small portions. The snacks that can be consumed in Keto diet include a hard boiled egg, handful of nuts, olives, cucumber slices, and full-fat yogurt.
Drinks: Water is the best drink in Keto diet. Tea, caffeinated drinks, lemon drink without sugar is allowed. It is advisable to avoid alcohol and beer while on a Keto A glass of red wine can be consumed.
Foods that can be eaten occasionally
Though the carbohydrate content should be below 5% of the total calorie intake, it is occasionally allowed to eat carbohydrates just to maintain blood sugar level in permissible range. Although dairy products are rich in fat they cannot be consumed daily as they are hard to digest. Some of the food items that can be consumed occasionally include apples, pears, bananas, pineapple, cherries, yogurt, and kiwis.
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Foods that have to be avoided
Corn, rice, grains, and gluten are to be definitely avoided in a Keto diet. Some other food items with hidden sugar like sauces unless homemade, soy, gluten are contraindicated.
To conclude, following a low-carb, high-fat diet is very essential in weight loss. It is essentially required to set a goal of weight loss, educate oneself about the Keto diet, make the food interesting to fulfill the criteria of a Keto diet and track your progress and thus be the best version of you.